ISSUE 3 (2)
Neither International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) nor its editors, publishers, owners or anyone else involved in creating, producing or delivering International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) or the materials contained therein, assumes any liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information provided in International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL), nor shall they be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, consequential or punitive damages arising out of the use of International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL)or its contents. While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its publication, neither the editors, publisher, owners nor the authors can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made or for the results obtained from the use of such material. The editors, publisher or owners, make no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
Opinions, discussions, views and recommendations in the publications are solely those of the authors and not of International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) or its publishers.IJPSL and its editors, publishers or owners make no representations or warranties with respect to any action taken by any person following the information offered or provided within or through the IJPSL. IJPSL and its publishers will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising therefrom.
The information presented in International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) is not intended to replace legal, policy or any other professional advice offered.
In case you submit a paper, you agree to hold harmless and indemnify International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL), its editors, publishers, owners, their agents and contributors to International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL), against any liability for any claims and expenses, including reasonable attorney’s fees, relating to any violation of the terms of this Agreement or arising out of any materials submitted by you. Any legal action, suit or proceeding arising out of or relating to this Agreement or a breach thereof, shall be instituted in a court of competent jurisdiction, and you hereby consent and submit to personal jurisdiction of such court, waive any objection to venue in such court and consent to service of process at your last known address.
International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) may contain links to web sites operated by other parties. These links are provided purely as educational purposes. Such links do not imply International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) endorses the material on any other site and International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) disclaims all liability with regard to your access to such linked websites.
International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to change the terms and conditions of this Agreement from time to time and your access to International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law (IJPSL) or its website will be deemed to be your acceptance of and agreement to any changed terms and conditions.
Role of Misinformation in Migration
Volume 1, Issue 3
31st March, 2021
Page No.: 1693-1711
While there is a large literature on misinformation, disinformation and its harmful effects, and also a separate set of literature on migration and anti-migrant groups, this research paper exhibits a roadmap combining the two sets of literature. Using research papers, news articles, correlation is explored between misinformation and migration, the paper analyzes two significant migration crises – The Rohingya Crisis and The Central American Migrant Caravan. The analysis is further bifurcated into Pre-migration Misinformation and Post-migration Misinformation to plot the instrumentalization of misinformation. Additionally, special focus is done on the migration due to misinformation in the context of Covid-19. Decoding the traits from the analysis, sustainable, feasible, and justifiable solutions are sought out to tackle the issue. Keywords: Misinformation, Migration, Covid-19, Migrant Protection Protocol, Rohingya Refugee Crisis, Central American Migrant Caravans
B.A. Economics, University of Mumbai, India
A fresh start on migration: Building confidence and striking a new balance between responsibility and solidarity. (2020, September 23). European Commission – European Commission.
American Immigration Council. (2021, January 22). The “Migrant Protection Protocols.”
Ayón, C. (2018, October 9). Immigrants in the U.S.: Detention, Discrimination, and Intervention. Race and Social Problems.
Banerjee, D., & Rao, T. S. S. (2020, October 2). Psychology of misinformation and the media: Insights from the COVID-19 pandemic Banerjee D, Sathyanarayana Rao T S – Indian J Soc Psychiatry. Indian Journal of Social Psychiatry.
Bauomy, J. (2020, March 6). COVID-19 and xenophobia: Why outbreaks are often accompanied by racism. Euronews.
Beech, H. (2018, August 25). Year After Rohingya Massacres, Top Generals Unrepentant and Unpunished. The New York Times.
Bouie, J. (2020, September 18). Facebook Has Been a Disaster for the World. The New York Times.
Cook, J., & McGonigal, C. (2017, December 26). 2017’s Rohingya Crisis In Photos. HuffPost.
Dempster, H., Leach, A., & Hargrave, K. (2020, September). Public attitudes towards immigration and immigrants: what people think, why, and how to influence them. ODI.
Esses, V. (2020, September 11). Prejudice and Discrimination Toward Immigrants. Annual Review.
Gaucher, D., Friesen, J., Neufeld, K., & Esses, V. (2017, December 27). Changes in the Positivity of Migrant Stereotype Content: How System-Sanctioned Pro-Migrant Ideology Can Affect Public Opinions of Migrants. SAGE Journals.
Gruer, L., Agyemang, C., Bhopal, R., Chiarenza, A., Krasnik, A., & Kumare, B. (2021, February 10). Migration, ethnicity, racism and the COVID-19 pandemic: A conference marking the launch of a new Global Society. ScienceDirect.
Harding, P. (2009, September 9). SAGE Journals: Your gateway to world-class research journals. SAGE Journals.
Human Rights First. (2021, February 19). Delivered to Danger.
Human Rights Watch. (2020, May). Covid-19 Fueling Anti-Asian Racism and Xenophobia Worldwide.
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (2020, September 10). Least Protected, Most Affected: Migrants and refugees facing extraordinary risks during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Misago, J., Freemantle, I., & Landau, L. (2015, February). Protection from Xenophobia: An Evaluation of UNHCR’s Regional Office for Southern Africa’s Xenophobia Related Programmes. UNHCR.
Pathak, R. (2020, September 15). Govt Says Over 1 Crore Migrants Went Home Due to Covid-19 Lockdown, but Actual Figure Higher.News18.
Posetti, J., & Matthews, A. (2018, July 23). A Short Guide to the History of ‘Fake News’ and Disinformation: A New ICFJ Learning Module. International Center for Journalists.
Rohingya crisis. (n.d.). UNICEF.
Roose, K. (2018, November 4). We Asked for Examples of Election Misinformation. You Delivered. The New York Times.
Roose, K. (2018a, October 24). Debunking 5 Viral Images of the Migrant Caravan. The New York Times.
Rubio, M., Byrne, S., & Manzanero, A. (2020, December). Violence and torture against migrants and refugees attempting to reach the European Union through Western Balkans.
SIMMONS, D. E. B. R. A. (n.d.). See what it’s like walking with the migrant caravan in Central America. National Geographic.
Swain, A. (2019, June). Increasing Migration Pressure and Rising Nationalism: Implications for Multilateralism and SDG Implementation. ResearchGate.
Wikipedia contributors. (n.d.). List of fact-checking websites.Wikipedia.
Winnie, L. (2020, June). Freedom of Speech and a Decentralized Approach to Tackling Misinformation.
Chittedam A. (2021). Role of Misinformation in Migration. International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law, 1(3), 1693-1711.
Climate Change through the Gender Lens
Deepali Dewan and Vidhi
Volume 1, Issue 3
31st March, 2021
Page No.: 1712-1743
Changes in weather patterns, freak-weather phenomena, warming up of oceans, and melting of polar caps are just the larger impacts of climate change. They are a reflection of a serious imbalance in our ecosystem that can change the global agricultural pattern, forest cover and impact natural resources, and can severely impact existing human settlements. And although human beings are responsible for this catastrophe, climate change seems to be disproportionately impacting half the global population more. Women have been on the receiving end of the impacts of climate change for a long time. With its exponentially increasing impact, the hard-hit section of the population has been the one more dependent on natural resources, with lower means and almost non-existent skill to respond to natural disasters. In India, the predominantly patriarchal nature of the society has kept women issues like education, healthcare, and skill development on the back-burner. Especially in rural India, women belong to the low-income, aggrieved strata of the society, with a heavy dependence on resources. This dependence has led to systemic health and lifestyle issues prevalent across the board. This study is an attempt to discern the severity of the impact that climate change has on factors like proneness to chronic health issues, livelihood opportunities, and other socio-economic issues. Case studies have been used to demonstrate how women-led climate-resilient models of change have been important success stories in the fight against climate change. Recommendations suggested can be used to include gender vulnerability in climate adaptation and its mitigation strategies.
B.A. Hons. Economics, Gargi College, University of Delhi, India
BSc. Hons. Mathematics, Kirori Mal College, University of Delhi, India
 68% of the world population projected to live in urban areas by 2050, says the UN. (2018, May 16). UN DESA | United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. https://www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/2018-revision-of-world-urbanization-prospects.html#:%7E:text=News-,68%25%20of%20the%20world%20population%20projected%20to%20live%20in,areas%20by%202050%2C%20says%20UN&text=Today%2C%2055%25%20of%20the%20world%27s,increase%20to%2068%25%20by%202050.&text=By%202050%2C%20it%20is%20projected,million%20and%20Nigeria%20189%20million
 Agrawal, S. (2012). Effect of Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass and Solid Fuel Combustion on Prevalence of Self-Reported Asthma among Adult Men and Women in India: Findings from a Nationwide Large-Scale Cross-Sectional Survey. Journal of Asthma,49(4),355–365. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/02770903.2012.663030
 Barton, A. (n.d.). Water In Crisis – Women in India. The Water Project. https://thewaterproject.org/water-crisis/water-in-crisis-india-women
 Berglund, M., Lindberg, A., Rahman, M., Yunus, M., Grandér, M., Lönnerdal, B., & Vahter, M. (2011). Gender and age differences in mixed metal exposure and urinary excretion. Environmental Research, 111(8), 1271–1279. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0013935111002143
 Bharati, S., Pal, M., Sen, S., & Bharati, P. (2019). Malnutrition and anaemia among adult women in India. Journal of Biosocial Science, 51(5), 658–668. https://doi.org/10.1017/s002193201800041x
 Bhowmick, N. (2020, June 24). The women of India’s Barefoot College bring light to remote villages. The Guardian.https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2011/jun/24/india-barefoot-college-solar-power-training
 Brown, S. (2019, April 29). How livestock farming affects the environment. DownToEarth. https://www.downtoearth.org.in/factsheet/how-livestock-farming-affects-the-environment-64218#:%7E:text=Raising%20livestock%20generates%2014.5%20per,the%20impacts%20from%20natural%20disasters.&text=Livestock%20farming%20creates%20a%20huge,very%20high%20global%20warming%20potential
 Cities and climate change. (n.d.). UNEP – UN Environment Programme. https://www.unenvironment.org/explore-topics/resource-efficiency/what-we-do/cities/cities-and-climate-change#:%7E:text=At%20the%20same%20time%2C%20cities,being%20among%20the%20largest%20contributors
 Climate change and health. (2018, February 1). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/climate-change-and-health
 Crothers, L. (2020, May 8). World lost forest ‘the size of Libya’ since 1990, FAO says. Mongabay. https://news.mongabay.com/2020/05/world-lost-forest-the-size-of-libya-since-1990-fao-says/
 Cyclone. (n.d.). National Disaster Management Authority, Government Of India. https://ndma.gov.in/Natural-Hazards/Cyclone
 Dey, S. (2019, June 5). Losing Jobs, Health: Why Indian Women are More Vulnerable to Climate Change Than Men. News18 India. https://www.news18.com/news/india/world-environment-day-2019-losing-jobs-health-why-indian-women-are-more-vulnerable-to-climate-change-than-men-2172541.html
 Dhara, V. R., Schramm, P. J., & Luber, G. (2013). Climate change & infectious diseases in India: Implications for health care providers. Indian Journal Of Medical Research, 847–852. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3978971/#sec1-6title
 Disaster and gender statistics. (n.d.). IUCN. https://www.unisdr.org/files/48152_disasterandgenderstatistics.pdf
 Dutta, A., Ray, M. R., & Banerjee, A. (2012). Systemic inflammatory changes and increased oxidative stress in rural Indian women cooking with biomass fuels. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 261(3), 255–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2012.04.004
 Early Warning Signs Of A Natural Disaster. (n.d.). The Designs Inspiration. https://thedesigninspiration.com/news/science/early-warning-signs-of-a-natural-disaster/
 Floods. (n.d.). World Health Organisation.
 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS. (2007). Definitional issues related to reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries. http://www.fao.org/3/j9345e/j9345e00.pdf
 Gender, Climate Change and Health. (2010). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/globalchange/GenderClimateChangeHealthfinal.pdf
 Gender Inequality Index (GII) | Human Development Reports. (n.d.). United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports.http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/gender-inequality-index-gii
 Gupta, Yashi; Habeeb, Riyan; Singh, Manya; Pandey, Anvita; Singh, Vishal; and Barker, Elizabeth (2020) “Gender Contribution in Household Management of Water and its Impact on Residents of Dholak Basti (Slum) in Haldwani City of India,” wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water: Vol. 7 , Article 5 https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1052&context=wh2ojournal
 Health impacts of flooding and risk management. (n.d.). National Health Portal Of India. https://www.nhp.gov.in/health-impacts-of-flooding-and-risk-management_pg
 Health Implications of Drought | CDC. (n.d.). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/drought/implications.htm#:%7E:text=Drought%20can%20also%20cause%20long,mosquitoes%20breeding%20in%20stagnant%20water
 Household air pollution is a gender issue. (n.d.). World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/life-course/news/household-air-pollution/en/#:%7E:text=The%20effects%20of%20exposure%20to,lung%20cancer%20and%20heart%20disease
 Hussain, S. (2019, September 19). Climate Change Poses Serious Threats to India’s Food Security. The Wire. https://thewire.in/agriculture/climate-change-poses-serious-threats-to-indias-food-security
 India could lose the equivalent of 34 million jobs in 2030 due to global warming, says ILO. (2019, July 2). The Hindu Business Line https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/india-could-lose-the-equivalent-of-34-million-jobs-in-2030-due-to-global-warming-says-ilo/article28259436.ece
 India gets its first women’s team in disaster combat. (2021, January 5). The Hindu.
 Jackson, R. (n.d.). The Effects of Climate Change. Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet. https://climate.nasa.gov/effects/#:%7E:text=The%20Intergovernmental%20Panel%20on%20Climate,Fahrenheit%20over%20the%20next%20century
 Jadhav, R. (2019, April 11). Why many women in Maharashtra’s Beed district have no wombs. The Hindu Business Line. https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/agri-business/why-half-the-women-in-maharashtras-beed-district-have-no-wombs/article26773974.ece
 Jain, A., & Anand, R. (2020, February 21). Women Bear the Burden of India’s Water Crisis. Inter Press Service. http://www.ipsnews.net/2020/02/women-bear-burden-indias-water-crisis/
 Joshi, H. (2020, August 13). Floods across the country highlight need for a robust flood management structure. Mongabay. https://india.mongabay.com/2020/08/floods-across-the-country-highlight-need-for-a-robust-flood-management-structure/
 M. (2020, June 19). Protect India’s forests and urban green spaces, says India’s climate change report. Mongabay-India. https://india.mongabay.com/2020/06/protect-indias-forests-and-urban-green-spaces-says-indias-climate-change-report/
 Martel, A. (2017, September 19). Climate Change and Women’s Health: New Studies Find Overlooked Links. New Security Beat. https://www.newsecuritybeat.org/2017/09/climate-change-womens-health-studies-find-overlooked-links/
 McCarthy, J. (2020, March 5). Why Climate Change Disproportionately Affects Women. Global Citizen. https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/how-climate-change-affects-women/
 Mehta, L., & Basu, R. (2019, March 22). World Water Day 2019: Water crisis’ disproportionate toll on women can no longer be ignored. Firstpost.
 MONOCULTURE FARMING IN AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY. (n.d.). EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM. https://eos.com/blog/monoculture-farming/#:%7E:text=Implementation%20Of%20Crop%20Rotation,impacts%20of%20monoculture%20on%20soils
 Nelleman, C., Verma, R., & Hislop, L. (Eds.). (2011). Women at the Frontline of Climate Change : Gender Risks and Hopes. UNEP. https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.ipcc.ch/apps/njlite/ar5wg2/njlite_download2.php&sa=D&ust=1611726260871000&usg=AOvVaw3xClFlT4Qk-XQ8eIdoVdpE
 Pandey, K. (2019, December 30). India’s forest cover goes up by nearly 3% this decade; but all is not well. DownToEarth. https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/forests/india-s-forest-cover-goes-up-by-nearly-3-this-decade-but-all-is-not-well-68624#:%7E:text=At%20the%20same%20time%2C%20India%27s,2015%20and%202017%20as%20well
 Poverty Estimation in India. (2019, October 10). Drishti IAS. https://www.drishtiias.com/to-the-points/paper3/poverty-estimation-in-india
 Raghavan, T. S. (2016, April 1). Over 48 p.c. of the rural population is female. The Hindu. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/over-48-pc-of-rural-population-is-female/article7383862.ece
 Raman, S. (2019, September 9). 73.2% Of Rural Women Workers Are Farmers, But Own 12.8% Land Holdings. IndiaSpend. https://www.indiaspend.com/73-2-of-rural-women-workers-are-farmers-but-own-12-8-land-holdings/
 Skinner, E., 2011, ‘Gender and Climate Change: Overview Report’, BRIDGE Cutting Edge Pack on Gender and Climate Change, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton https://gsdrc.org/document-library/gender-and-climate-change-overview-report/
 Sky News. (2018, October 8). What Will Happen As The World Gets Warmer? https://news.sky.com/story/what-will-happen-as-the-world-gets-warmer-10336299
 Smit, L. A. M., & Heederik, D. (2017). Impacts of Intensive Livestock Production on Human Health in Densely Populated Regions. AGU Advancing Earth and Space Science, 1(7), 272–277. https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/2017GH000103
 Sorensen, C., Saunik, S., Sehgal, M., Tewary, A., Govindan, M., Lemery, J., & Balbus, J. (2018, September 24). Climate Change and Women’s Health: Impacts and Opportunities in India. AGU Advancing Earth and Space Science. https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018GH000163
 Status Of Women In India. (2020). Vikaspedia. https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/women-and-child-development/women-development-1/status-of-women-in-india
 The Causes of Climate Change. (n.d.). NASA Global Climate Change: Vital Signs of the Planet. https://climate.nasa.gov/causes/
 Toteja, G. S., & Gonmei, Z. (2018). Micronutrient status of Indian population. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 148(5), 511. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijmr.ijmr_1768_18
 Understanding climate change as a social development issue. (2016). GSDRC Applied Knowledge Services. https://gsdrc.org/topic-guides/climate-change-and-social-development/understanding-climate-change-as-a-social-development-issue/
 UNFCCC. (1992). UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE. https://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/background_publications_htmlpdf/application/pdf/conveng.pdf
 Utaraitė, N. (2019). Australian Town Comes Up With A Genius Way Of Stopping Pollution. Bored Panda. https://www.boredpanda.com/drainage-nets-catching-trash-kwinana-city/?utm_source=google&utm_medium=organic&utm_campaign=organic
 We have a great deal to learn about nature, gender and joy from indigenous communities. (2021, January 23). The Times of India. https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/we-have-a-great-deal-to-learn-about-nature-gender-and-joy-from-indigenous-communities/articleshow/80411019.cms
 What is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change? (n.d.). United Nations Climate Change.
Dewan D. and Vidhi (2020). Climate Change through the Gender Lens. International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law, 1(3), 1712-1743.
Decluttering the Future: An Analysis of Indian Minimalism
Aastha Rathour and Gunita Mankame
Volume 1, Issue 3
31st March, 2021
Page No.: 1744-1765
Minimalism is a tool to rid yourself of life’s excesses and to focus on what’s important, to find happiness, fulfilment, and freedom. India has not been left behind in the wave of minimalism, whether it was back in the sustainable era of Mahatma Gandhi or the 21st century where Indian minimalists are embracing the traditional “less is more” lifestyle. The wave of minimalism rose vividly post the COVID-19 outbreak. Indian minimalists are palpable in every discipline and are mindful of their environment and lifestyle choices. The previous works have not rigorously examined the future of minimalism in India. Our paper aims to focus solely on Indian minimalism and its progress in Indian society. The current paper has analyzed secondary data imparting valuable information that adds meaning and structure to the aim of the paper. The paper highlights insightful corners of Indian minimalism and its acceptance as a lifestyle, with the help of secondary data. It focuses on the essence of certain mindful behaviours such as thrifting, recycling, upcycling, and cautious consumerism. It explores the plausible future of minimalism along with practical alternatives that can be adopted by contemporary Indian minimalists.
Amity University Noida, India
Bachelor of Management Studies, V. G Vaze Kelkar College, Mumbai, India
Adhia, V. (2021, February 25). SDG 12: Sustainable Consumption and Production – what does it imply for India. ETEnergyworld.
Arundel, L. (n.d.). An Ancient Philosophy –. Minimalism Life. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
Aschwanden, B. (n.d.). Online course: Minimalist writing. Retrieved from
Bruwer, G. (2018, May 13). Scandinavian vs. Minimalism: Knowing Lagom from Less is More [Blog post]. Retrieved from
Chowdhary, C. (2020). Can You Be a Minimalist While Being a Mum of Two? This 33-YO Has The Answer. The Better India.
Retrieved from https://www.thebetterindia.com/214285/durgesh-nandhini-minimalist-mom-vegan-chennai-resident-sustainability-lifestyle-char01/
Cortina, K.S., Arel, S. & Darden, J.P.S. (2017, Nov 1). School Belonging in Different
Cultures: The Effects of Individualism and Power Distance. Frontiers In education.
Crew, C. (2017, February 16). Understanding Indian Minimalism. Design Pataki.
ET Bureau. (2019, Mar 28). 82% Indians bogged down by stress: Cigna 360 Well-being study. The Economic Times.
Goyal, M. (2018, Oct 07). Less is more: Why affluent Indians are going minimalist. The Economic Times.
Green Hat Studio. (2018, Dec 16). Review: Top 10 Architects in India [Blog post].
Retrieved from http://www.greenhatstudio.in/review-top-10-architects-india/
Gulmohar Lane. (2020,Sep 26). The Beauty of Indian Minimalism [Blog post].
Retrieved from https://www.gulmoharlane.com/blog/the-beauty-of-indian-minimalism
Gurung, S. (2021, Jan 17). Online thrift stores proliferated in 2020, but questions remain about how such businesses can be sustained. Firstpost.
Homegrown. (n.d.). 8 Contemporary Indian Fashion Labels That Celebrate Minimalism
[Blog post]. Retrieved from http://homegrown.co.in/article/802471/9-contemporary-indian-fashion-labels-that-celebrate-minimalism
Kalra, S. (2017, Sep 23). A Calmer You by Sonal Kalra: Do you own a lot of stuff? Try minimalism. Hindustan Times.
Kang, J. , Martinez, C.M.J. & Johnson, C. (2021). Minimalism as a sustainable lifestyle:
Its behavioral representations and contributions to emotional well-being. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 27, 802-813.
Kapoor, K. (2020, Feb 12). Lagom: The Swedish Art Of Striking A Balance. Times of India.
Khokhar, R. (2021, February 19). Bringing a touch of minimalism to work. Mint.
Kiran & Deepak. (2020, Jul 18). Why we need to think about digital minimalism. The Indian Express.
Kumar, S. (2020, Oct 20). Simple and natural – minimalism in design the Gandhi way. Beautiful Homes.
Leake,G., Toole, K., Divis, P. & Torres-Sánchez,C.(2010, Feb 19). Bamboo as a solution for low-cost housing and storage in Pabal (India) [Paper presentation]. ‘From Small Steps to Giant Leaps putting research into practice’, UK.
Lloyd, K. & Pennington, W. (2020).Towards a Theory of Minimalism and Wellbeing. International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology, 5, (121-136).
Lobo, J., Behrawala, K. Roy, R., Sanghvi, R.B. & Sundaram, S. (2020, Feb 10). 40 under 40: India’s most exciting young chefs. Condé nast traveller india. Retrieved from https://www.cntraveller.in/story/best-indian-chefs-under-40-bangalore-delhi-mumbai-goa-pune/
Minimalism –. (n.d.). Svenklas. Retrieved March 20, 2021, from
Millburn, J.F. & Nicodemus, R. (n.d.). What Is Minimalism? [Blog post]. Retrieved from
Minimalist architecture. (2020, September 25). Designing Buildings Wiki.
Morais, I. (2019, December 15). The Origin of Minimalism •. Minimalist Road.
Mukherjee, A. (2019, Nov 17). Less is more. The Asian Age.
Mukhtar, S. (2020). Pakistanis’ mental health during the COVID-19. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 102-127.Norris, L. (2008). Recycling and Reincarnation: the journeys of Indian Saris. Mobilities, 3(3), 415-436.
Padmavathya, C., Swapanaa, M. & Paul, J. (2019). Online second-hand shopping motivation –Conceptualization, scale development, and validation. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 51, 19-32.
Palafox, C.L. (2019). When Less Is More: Minimalism And The Environment. Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ), 9(1), 5.
Pierre. (2019, Nov 12). Frugal Innovation: Definition and Practical Examples. ideXlab. Retrieved from https://blog.idexlab.com/frugal-innovation
Pillai, S.V., Vipin H.& Jayachandran, N. (2020). Managing Mental Health During COVID- 19 Pandemic and Beyond. AIJR Preprints, 249, 1-8.
Rodricks, W. (2016, Jun 10). New minimalism: Why it needs a redefinition by Indian designers. Mint.
Saha, P.K. (2017, Jul 29). How upcycling can help make our homes and hearts lighter. Mint.
SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production. (2019, October 15). UN India.
Shah,V. (2020,sep 07). India and Minimalism. Times of India.
Shashikant, U. (2017, May 22). Be Frugal, but not stingy. Times of India
Sheth, M. (2019, Mar 07). Minimalism in architecture. Times of India.
Sinha, J.B.P. (2014). Collectivism and Individualism. Psycho-social analysis of the Indian mindset, 27-51.
Statista Research Department. (2021, Mar 19). Consumer spending in India 2016-2020. Statista.
Voice, M. (2020, August 21). Minimalism is a religion – The Unveiling Box. Medium.
Vora, H. & Sanjiv, D. (2021, Feb 02). What it takes to create a green, minimalist lifestyle. Times of India.
WhatPackaging?. (2020, Nov 28). Vyas: Minimalism is here to stay, it has certainly influenced product packaging. PrintWeek.
Rathour A. & Mankame G. (2021). Decluttering the Future: An Analysis of Indian Minimalism. International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law, 1(3), 1744-1765. http://ijpsl.in/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/Decluttering-the-Future-An-Analysis-of-Indian-Minimalism_Aastha-Rathour-Gunita-Mankame.pdf
Is India Ready to Adopt Sweden’s Waste Management System
Aashna Baweja and Soudamini Desai
Volume 1, Issue 3
31st March, 2021
Page No.: 1766-1780
The authors of this paper were inspired by the announcement of the India-Sweden partnership in the virtual joint summit 2021. Sweden has received worldwide recognition for its Waste Management System (WMS), and the successful implementation of public-private partnership is the essence of its success. The study carefully analyses the Indian Waste Management System (WMS). The authors aim is to know whether a public-private partnership for waste management will be effective in a country like India, which is 7 times larger than Sweden. It is observed that policy drivers & citizen engagement play a crucial role in the successful execution of a system. This paper also studies the willingness of the residents of India to work in harmony with the government in reforming the WMS. The authors have conducted a primary survey to know the opinions and beliefs of the respondents on the privatisation of WMS, organizational holdings, and the role of government. The authors have highlighted recommendations, potential opportunities and obstacles based on the results of the survey and secondary research.
M.Sc. Mathematics, Department of Mathematics, (NCWEB) University of Delhi, India
M.Sc Economics (Development studies), Symbiosis School of Economics, Symbiosis International Deemed University, Maharashtra, India
Anderson, B. (2011, June). Privatization A Formula for Provision or Perversion of Municipal Solid Waste Management? WordPress.
Bolton,PHD, K., & Rousta,PHD, K. (2019). Solid Waste Management Toward Zero Landfill: A Swedish Model. ScienceDirect.
Chan Kim, W., & Mauborgne, R. (2018, July 11). From Trash to Treasure: Sweden’s Recycling Revolution. Blue Ocean Strategy.
Civilsdaily. (2017). Solid waste management rules, 2016 – Civilsdaily. Civilsdaily.Com.
Cointreau-Levine, S. (1994). Private Sector Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Services in Developing Countries: The Formal Sector (Urban Management Programme, 13) (Vol. 1). World Bank.
Corvellec, H., Bramryd, T., & Hultman, J. (2011). The business model of solid waste management in Sweden – a case study of two municipally-owned companies. The Business Model of Swedish Municipal Waste Management Companies, 30(5), 512–518.
csestore. (2019). Solid waste in India. csestore.cse.org.in.
Kumar, S., Smith, S. R., Fowler, G., Velis, C., Kumar, S. J., Arya, S., Rena, Kumar, R., & Cheeseman, C. (2017). Challenges and opportunities associated with waste management in India. Challenges and Opportunities Associated with Waste Management in India, 4(3), 160764.
Martin, B. (2001, August). Privatization of municipal services: Potential, limitations and challenges for the social partners. SECTORAL ACTIVITIES PROGRAMME, Geneva.
Miliute-Plepiene, J., & Plepys, A. (2009). Driving Forces for High Household Waste Recycling. Lessons from Sweden. Researchgate.Net.
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) PPPs | Public Private Partnership. (2021, January 25). PPPLRC.
Ohri, A., & Singh, P. K. (2009, January). Private Sector Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Management in India: Observation and Options. Recent Advances in Waste Management 2009, Varnasi, India.
Rogoff, M. J., Moyers, K., Leonard, M., & Gardner, R. (2015, October 15). Six Major Factors to Consider in Privatization of Waste Management Services. MSW.
Rosana, D. D. (2013, April). Privatisation of Solid Waste Management Service: Practices in Developing Countries MSc Thesis. Edepot.
Segal, F., & Moore, T. (2000). PRIVATIZING LANDFILLS: MARKET SOLUTIONS FOR SOLID-WASTE DISPOSAL. RPPI, 15.
Singh, S. (2020, December 4). Solid Waste Management in Urban India: Imperatives for Improvement. ORF.
Singh Bisht, R., & Priya Ranjan, K. (2017). Waste Management: Prospects and Challenges in India. jru.edu.in.
Smart City Sweden. (2020). Extended Producer Responsibility in Sweden: Towards better waste management.
Staff, S. X. (2019, October 2). Five things to know about plastic waste and recycling in India. PHYS ORG.
Statista. (2021, January 6). Number of landfills India FY 2019, by state.
Waste Incineration – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics. (2013). ScienceDirect Articles.
Zero Waste Scotland. (2019). Deposit Return in Sweden.
Baweja A. & Desai S. (2021). Is India Ready to Adopt Sweden’s Waste Management System. International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law, 1(3), 1766-1780. http://ijpsl.in/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/Is-India-Ready-to-Adopt-Swedens-Waste-Management-System_Aashna-Baweja-Soudamini-Desai.pdf
Global Surge in Civil Unrest: Checks and Balances
Sampriti Das and Simran Kapoor
Volume 1, Issue 3
31st March, 2021
Page No.: 1781-1800
Civil Unrest has doubled over the past decade raising concerns towards the functioning of ruling authorities, the social environment, and the changing demands of the civilians. Civil Unrest can reveal public insecurities, challenge government incapabilities, and may result in the devastation of resources when dealt with violence. The role of misinformation and interference by external stakeholders highlights the disruption and the execution of a peaceful mass demonstration. Hereby, a comparative analysis has been done to examine the civil unrest undertaken in developed, developing/underdeveloped economies while addressing the diminishing public faith in their administration, and pestle analysis understanding the triggers and trends in the social, economic, political, legal, and natural environments are studied to comprehend the fundamental causes of a civil uprising. The general response by the government with its sustainability for the nation’s stability has been interpreted further suggesting an adequate action plan that has witnessed historical success. In discourse, the authors have also recommended measures that ultimately provide policy recommendations and possible solutions to stabilise institutions of governance to ameliorate public satisfaction levels, reducing injustices, and overall tackle this impending crisis.
B.A. Hons. Economics, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College, University of Delhi, India
PGDBM, International Trade Management, NMIMS, Mumbai, India
2021 Edelman Trust Barometer. (n.d.). Www.Edelman.Com.
A Survey of the Causes of Civil Conflicts: Natural Factors and Economic Conditions. (n.d.). Www.Cairn.Info.
Bartkowski & Merriman. (2016, October 27). Civil Resistance. Www.Oxfordbibliographies.Com.
BBC News. (2019, November 11). Do today’s global protests have anything in common?
Benjamin Press, & Carothers, T. (2020, December 21). Worldwide Protests in 2020: A Year in Review. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
BER staff. (2019, March 6). The Power of Protests. Econreview.Berkeley.Edu.
Bertelsmann Transformation Index. (n.d.). BTI Blog.
Chandran, N. (2014, November 12). 10 countries vulnerable to extreme civil unrest. CNBC.
Chenoweth, E. (n.d.). The Future of Nonviolent Resistance. Www.Journalofdemocracy.Org.
Fake News and Cyber Propaganda: The Use and Abuse of Social Media. (2017, June 13). Www.Trendmicro.Com.
Farzanegan, M. R. (2017, June 16). Can we predict political uprisings? The Conversation.
Ghosh, I. (2020, January 22). World Leaders at Davos Need to Take Declining Trust in Institutions Seriously—or Else Face More Populism, Protest, and Upheaval. Foreign Policy.
Global Protest Tracker. (n.d.). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Guess, Lyons, A. M. B. A. (n.d.). Misinformation, Disinformation, and Online Propaganda. Www.Cambridge.Org.
Hamm, J. A. (2019, May 15). Understanding the psychological nature and mechanisms of political trust. Journals.Plos.Org.
Hribernik, M., & Haynes, S. (2021, January 19). 47 Countries Witness Surge In Civil Unrest. Verisk Maplecroft.
Kirdy, E. M. (2011, March 8). THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF PROTEST. Monocle.Com.
Krishnan, M. (2020, March 11). WhatsApp in India: Scourge of violence-inciting fake news tough to tackle. Www.Dw.Com.
Lauritsen, E. N. (2016, April 19). Economic under-development leads to civil unrest. Sciencenorway.No.
Luce, I. J. K. (2019, October 2). World on fire: All the protests happening around the globe right now. Business Insider.
Mahapatra, R. (2021, January 10). The world is pro-protests, now. Www.Downtoearth.Org.In.
Reid, D. (2020, January 16). Almost 40% of the world’s countries will witness civil unrest in 2020, research claims. CNBC.
Satell and Popovic, G. S. (2017, January 27). How Protests Become Successful Social Movements. Hbr.Org.
Schwartz, M., & Sánchez, E. (2016, June 30). Social Movements That Changed Our World For The Better. Global Citizen.
Stewart, F. (n.d.). Root causes of violent conflict in developing countries. Www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov.
The Danger of Fake News in Inflaming or Suppressing Social Conflict. (n.d.). Www.Cits.Ucsb.Edu.
Vukic, S. (2020, December 7). Civil unrest on the rise. Vision of Humanity.
Wikipedia contributors. (2021, March 16). Civil disorder. Wikipedia.
Das S. & Kapoor S. (2021). Global Surge in Civil Unrest: Checks and Balances. International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law, 1(3), 1781-1800. http://ijpsl.in/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/The-Global-Surge-in-Civil-Unrest-Checks-and-Balances_Sampriti-Das-Simran-Kapoor.pdf
Investigative Study on the Implementation of Education Policies in Secondary Schools: A Review of Bangladesh and Nigeria
Chibuike Ezeanochie and Jafreen Alamgir
Volume 1, Issue 3
31st March, 2021
Page No.: 1801-1817
Education Policy can be seen as a fuel that propels both the curriculum and extracurricular activities in the education system. This research essay has been developed to investigate the implementation of education policies in secondary schools in Bangladesh and Nigeria. Research has shown that a proper implementation of education policies in both Primary, Secondary and Tertiary institutions will in no doubt enhance the academic prowess of students. As regards this, no matter how good a policy might be, if there is an implementation constraint, it will definitely lead to zero archival of the educational objectives. This expository work also discussed the current system of education and the existing education policies of the countries under study and throws light on its success and faultlines. Furthermore, the paper elucidates upon the shortcomings in the implementation of education policies in secondary schools. The research essay concludes by giving certain proposals and recommendations which will aid Governments and Policymakers on how to ensure an effective and efficient implementation of education policies in secondary schools
University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Brac University Dhaka, Bangladesh
Alvarez, B. (2000). Secondary Education: Critical Policy Issues (7101.). Inter-American Development Bank. Retrieved from
Arata, N. (2020). Education. Britannica, 1.
Arif, S. (2016). Formal and Non-Formal Education in the New Era. ResearchGate, 1.
Chowdhury, R., & Sarkar, M. (2018). Education in Bangladesh: Changing contexts and emerging realities. In Engaging in Educational Research (pp. 1-18). Springer, Singapore. Retrieved from
Education policy. (2019). Rand Corporations,
International monetary fund. (2015). World Economic Output Database, 1.
Isaac, I. (2020). The system of education in Nigeria. Flashlearners, 1.
Margaret, R. (2015).Implementation. Whatis.Com, 1.
Mitchell. (2011). Evidence-based practice in real-world services for young people with complex needs: New opportunities suggested by recent implementation science. Psycnet.Apa.Org, 1.
National Education Policy 2010. Ministry of Education, Governmentof Bangladesh. Retrieved from
Nigeria country profile. (2014). Nationsonline, 1.
Nigerian’s National Policy on Education. (2004). National Policy on Education, 1.
Non-formal Education. (2010). Word Health Organization Publications, 1.
Novosadova, et al. (2013). The Impact of Non Formal Education on Young People and Society. Brussels: AEGEE-Europe,
Okoroma, N. S. (2006). Educational policies and problems of implementation in Nigeria. Australian Journal of Adult Learning Volume 46, Number 2, 1.
Plecher, H. (2020). Unemployment rate in Nigeria. Statistita, 1.
Romane Viennet, B. P. (2017). Education policy implementation: a literature review and proposed framework. Organisation for Economic Co- Operation and Development, 1.
Terry, G. (1977). Principles of Management. Richard D. Irwin, Inc., 1.
Todaro, M. (1995). Retrieved March 2011. University of Oldenburg, 1.
Types of Education: Formal, Non- formal and In-formal. (2019). Passion in Education, 1.
Wikipedia. (2019). Education Policy 1.
World Population. (2021). Worldometers, 1.
Yawe, A. A. (2015). The need for educational planning and Implementation in Nigeria. Journal of Educational Policy and Entrepreneurial Research., 1.
Ezeanochie C. & Alamgir J. (2021). Investigate Study on the Implementation of Education Policies in Secondary Schools: A Review of Bangladesh and Nigeria. International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law, 1(3), 1801-1817.
Impact of Sexual Objectification on the Well-Being of People
Volume 1, Issue 3
31st March, 2021
Page No.: 1818-1838
The current study aims to study the Impact of Objectification on the Well-being of People. For obtaining a better in-depth understanding various sources of objectification have been studied along with how people objectify themselves and others. The results obtained show that there is a negative impact on the physical, mental, emotional, and subjective wellbeing of people. The paper also draws attention to public health and safety concerns. A PESTEL analysis has been done to understand the effects of objectification on the political, economical, social, technological, educational, and legal aspects. Based on the gained understanding the author has various recommendations that can help society move towards a healthier and flourishing society
Maniben Nanavati Women’s College, Mumbai, India
 Bakar, F. (2021, February 3). Women doing silhouette TikTok warned about hackers removing filter. Metro. https://metro.co.uk/2021/02/03/women-doing-silhouette-tiktok-warned-about-hackers-removing-filter-14014587/
 Bhalla, G. (2021, March 17). “Women In Ripped Jeans Destroying Culture”: Some Very Sexist Comments By Our Politicians. IndiaTimes. https://www.indiatimes.com/news/india/women-in-ripped-jeans-destroying-culture-some-very-sexist-comments-by-our-politicians-536491.html
 Breines, J. G., Crocker, J., & Garcia, J. A. (2008). Self-Objectification and Well-Being in Women’s Daily Lives. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(5), 583–598. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167207313727
 Cairnduff, N. (2018, May 9). Pop, Rap Lyrics Support a Culture Demeaning Women. Maine Public. https://www.mainepublic.org/post/pop-rap-lyrics-support-culture-demeaning-women
 Carter, Z. (2017, September 9). 403 Forbidden. Https://Www.Psychologytoday.Com/Us/Blog/Clear-Communication/201711/Body-Objectification-the-Psychology-behind-Epidemic. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/clear-communication/201711/body-objectification-the-psychology-behind-epidemic
 Crossman, Ashley. (2021, February 16). Sociological Definition of Popular Culture. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/popular-culture-definition-3026453
 Desk, I. T. W. (2019, April 3). Smriti Irani’s bindi gets bigger as she changes husbands: Congress ally Jaydeep Kawade’s sexist jibe. India Today. https://www.indiatoday.in/elections/lok-sabha-2019/story/smriti-irani-jaydeep-kawade-sexist-bindi-comment-1491934-2019-04-02
 Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace: Everything You Need to Know. (n.d.). UpCounsel. https://www.upcounsel.com/discrimination-against-women-in-the-workplace
 Draperi, J.-F. (2015). L’économie sociale : économique parce que sociale. Revue Internationale de l’économie Sociale: Recma, 336, 4. https://doi.org/10.7202/1030154ar
 Dubey, T. (2016, June 25). Know your rights: 10 laws that protect women and their rights. YourStory.Com. https://yourstory.com/2016/06/laws-that-protect-women-rights?utm_pageloadtype=scroll
 Erratum: Self-Objectification and Cognitive Performance: A Systematic Review of the Literature. (2020). Frontiers in Psychology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00477
 Fox News. (2016, November 25). Model calls for a Burger King boycott after she was featured in a sexually suggestive ad. https://www.foxnews.com/food-drink/model-calls-for-a-burger-king-boycott-after-she-was-featured-in-a-sexually-suggestive-ad
 Gilmore, J. (2018, March 27). The images of women making society more dangerous. The Sydney Morning Herald. https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/beauty/the-images-of-women-making-society-more-dangerous-20180327-p4z6gl.html
 Grabe, S., & Hyde, J. S. (2009). Body Objectification, MTV, and Psychological Outcomes Among Female Adolescents1. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39(12), 2840–2858. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00552.x
 Grabe, S., Hyde, J. S., & Lindberg, S. M. (2007). Body Objectification and Depression in Adolescents: The Role of Gender, Shame, and Rumination. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 31(2), 164–175. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.2007.00350.x
 Hicks, R. (2014, August 8). ‘Burger King digitally raped my face,’ says model in controversial Singapore ‘blow job ad.’ Mumbrella Asia. https://www.mumbrella.asia/2014/08/burger-king-digitally-raped-face-says-model-controversial-singapore-ad
 India Millennium Development Goals: 1. Introduction. (2016). Https://Www.Greenfacts.Org/En/India-Millennium/l-2/Index.Htm#0. https://www.greenfacts.org/en/india-millennium/l-2/index.htm#0
 Kopp, K. J. (2009). “Mirror, mirror on the wall…who’s the saddest of them all?”: Exploring the link between self-objectification and depression in mothers. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 70(3-B), 1947.
 McCoy, K. (2017, December 10). Sexual objectification: Is it a problem? How do we solve it? https://news.jrn.msu.edu/2017/12/sexual-objectification-is-it-a-problem-how-do-we-solve-it/
 Media Marketing. (2020, March 17). The Objectification of Women in Advertising. https://www.media-marketing.com/en/opinion/objectification-women-advertising/
 National Center on Sexual Exploitation. (2020, December 17). Oregon Mom Allegedly Used Snapchat to Groom and Rape a 14-Year-Old Boy. https://endsexualexploitation.org/articles/oregon-mom-allegedly-used-snapchat-to-groom-and-rape-a-14-year-old-boy/
 National Center on Sexual Exploitation. (2020b, December 17). Oregon Mom Allegedly Used Snapchat to Groom and Rape a 14-Year-Old Boy. https://endsexualexploitation.org/articles/oregon-mom-allegedly-used-snapchat-to-groom-and-rape-a-14-year-old-boy/
 National Policy for the Empowerment of Women (2001). (2014). Indian Journal of Public Administration, 60(3), 730–740. https://doi.org/10.1177/0019556120140328
 Ostroff, B. N. (2012, March 20). Israel first country to introduce law on skinny models. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/newsbeat-17447826
 Peat, C. M., & Muehlenkamp, J. J. (2011). Self-Objectification, Disordered Eating, and Depression: A Test of Mediational Pathways. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35(3), 441–450. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684311400389
 Quick Facts About the Gender Wage Gap. (2020, March 24). Center for American Progress. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/women/reports/2020/03/24/482141/quick-facts-gender-wage-gap/
 Rahman-Jones, B. G. G. A. I. (2020, July 9). Me Too founder Tarana Burke: Movement is not over. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/newsbeat-53269751
 Ross, J. (2020, November 11). WAP – Women Empowerment or Objectification? The Advocate. https://theacademyadvocate.com/5528/opinion/wap-women-empowerment-or-objectification/
 Ross, J. (n.d.). WAP – Women Empowerment or Objectification? The Advocate. https://theacademyadvocate.com/5528/opinion/wap-women-empowerment-or-objectification/
 self objectification. (n.d.). Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-objectification
 Singh, S. G. (2019, March 9). Reality check on Indias politics: Only 9% women MLAs and MPs across the nation. Www.Business-Standard.Com. https://www.business-standard.com/article/elections/reality-check-on-india-s-politics-only-9-women-mlas-and-mps-across-nation-119030900228_1.html
 Team, P. (2020, March 1). The Importance of Teaching Children Body Safety. Parenting Special Needs Magazine. https://www.parentingspecialneeds.org/article/importance-teaching-children-body-safety/
 The Importance of Body Positivity. (2020, September 16). The Recovery Village Drug and Alcohol Rehab. https://www.therecoveryvillage.com/mental-health/eating-disorders/related/importance-of-body-positivity/
 The Objectification of Women in Politics and Why it Matters. (2020, August 31). CAWP. https://cawp.rutgers.edu/election-analysis/objectification-women-politics-and-why-it-matters
 Tiggemann, M. (2011). Mental health risks of self-objectification: A review of the empirical evidence for disordered eating, depressed mood, and sexual dysfunction. In R. M. Calogero, S. Tantleff-Dunn, & J. K. Thompson (Eds.), Self-objectification in women: Causes, consequences, and counteractions (p. 139–159). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/12304-007
 Why comprehensive sexuality education is important. (2018, March 15). Why Cnsive Sexuality Education Is Important. https://en.unesco.org/news/why-comprehensive-sexuality-education-important#:~:text=Sexuality%20education%20has%20positive%20effects,or%20STI%2FHIV%20infection%20rates.
 Why Every Parent Needs to Know About Snapchat. (2020, June 14). Verywell Family. https://www.verywellfamily.com/what-is-snapchat-and-its-use-1270338
Mishra U. (2020). Impact of Sexual Objectification on the Well-Being of People. International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law, 1(3), 1818-1838.